Here are presentations given at this year’s Left Forum by Ed Kinane, of the Upstate (NY) Drone Coalition, and Nick Mottern, Coordinator of KnowDrones.com
WEAPONIZED DRONES AND THE ENDLESS “WAR ON TERROR”
Session 7, 3:40 to 5:40 p.m., Sunday, May 22, 2016
Panel with Ed K., Nick Mottern, Debra Sweet, Shelby Sullivan-Bennis
Moderator: Amanda Bass
The Left Forum
John Jay College of Criminal Justice, NYC
Like the phony “war on drugs,” the phony “war on terrorism” promotes economic interests, serves political agendas, entrenches militarism. Neither war reduces drug use or violence. Nor are they designed to.
Terrorism -- past and present -- pervades the U.S. psyche and economy. Terrorism, so-called, and the fear thereof, blunts our minds, shrinks our hearts. This contrived national obsession gives the Pentagon and NSA/Homeland Security their ever-expanding powers. It tightens their grip. It swells their coffers.
Their bloated budgets, like the Congress that funds them, march to corporate drummers. Since World War II, terrorism/militarism has been exceedingly profitable for the so-called “defense” industry (think, for example, Lockheed Martin). U.S. corporations thrive on the export of weapons and weapon systems. Peace kills the war economy. Why seek peace?
The high-tech war industry – the U.S. economy’s warped backbone – enriches the rich, deprives the poor. Military spending sucks the life out of civil society. That military spree, barely monitored, finances death-dealing projects; these profit-intensive projects preempt job-intensive, life-serving ones.
Pentagon budgets assure grossly underfunded housing, schooling, health and infrastructure development. Along with the nuke industry – now in its eighth decade -- the perpetuated terrorism/militarism nexus drives economic disparity, propping up this nation’s class structure.
Patriots and propagandists endlessly invoke, but seldom define, “terrorism.” Now, I’ll do the unusual – I’ll define “terrorism.” Terrorism is the use, or threat, of violence against civilians for military, political or economic ends. [[repeat]] This definition cuts to the chase, cuts through the layers of jingoism and obfuscation perpetrated by the patriots and propagandists.
The definition has four corollaries:
~ First. Contrary to U.S. mainstream media usage, terrorists aren’t inevitably people of color. Nor are they primarily swarthy or sallow. Here in the U.S. the term “terrorism” somehow only applies to what they – non-whites – do, not to what whites or the U.S. does.
~ Second. In the 20th and 21st centuries, it’s fascism and capitalism that have colonized the skies. Hence most terrorism has been aerial: V-2 rockets, Cruise missiles, Hellfire missiles, napalm, white phosphorus, cluster bombs, depleted uranium, weaponized drones….
~ Third. Most terrorism is wholesale, not retail; most is state terrorism. Most terrorism is perpetrated by uniformed military. In these centuries most war casualties – in their tens of millions – are civilian.
~ Last. Since at least August 6, 1945 the Pentagon has been the world’s most relentless single purveyor of terrorism.
Bottom line: the so-called “war on terror” is a racist war, a war for hegemony, a war for profit. It’s a war its perpetrators and its perpetuators have no desire to see end.
Terror is nothing new; it’s built into this nation’s DNA. Consider the continent-wide armed robbery of indigenous lands. Thanks to their higher tech weaponry, European invaders ethnically cleansed Native Americans – mostly non-combatants. Like our counterparts in Israel and other colonial settler states, U.S. Americans militarily occupy stolen land.
Yes, we are occupiers – and by a curious inversion or dialectic, now it is U.S. Americans who are finding ourselves occupied. [[repeat]] The occupation is so incremental, so normalized, it’s barely visible to us.
If the U.S.-as-occupied-nation notion seems outlandish, consider the following:
~ why was the interstate highway system built to military specification by a general,
~ or why does the NSA so comprehensively monitor our phones and email,
~ or why is every effort is made to keep the U.S. people distracted and dumbed down,
~ or why does the judiciary neglect the First Amendment and why, despite Article Six of the Constitution, does the judiciary ignore International Law (much as Southern judges ignored lynching),
~ or why are the police so heavily armed and drilled in military shoot-to-kill tactics,
~ or why does the U.S. have such a vast prison system,
~ or why do military bases, in all their redundancy, proliferate throughout the land,
~ or – and this brings us directly back to today’s panel -- why are surveillance and weaponized drones, so deadly overseas, increasingly flying over the U.S.?
Further, regarding our national DNA, consider the centuries-long wholesale abduction and displacement of Africans – robbing them of their labor, liberty, languages, dignity and their offspring. Ask: how did such a regime last so long? Without a whip at her back, a noose around his neck, no human endures such rape and servitude. See the film “12 Years a Slave.”
That terror regime in full force lives on today with mass incarceration and what author Michelle Alexander calls “The New Jim Crow.” Police assassinating young black men channel Ku Klux Klan castration. Both are seldom prosecuted. (Note the enduring intersection of impunity and racism.)
We’ve been conditioned to believe terrorism is violence perpetrated by the “other”-- the non-white other. Blind to the origins of white supremacy and privilege, we are the legatees of our previous – and ongoing -- terrorisms. Only when terrorism is defined do we see Manifest Destiny and slavery for what they were. Only when terrorism is defined do we see that today’s “War on Terrorism” for what it is: a war of, for and by terrorism.
Today’s so-called “War on Terrorism” -- quotation marks are a must -- features aerial bombing of tribal people and people of color who can barely shoot back: the Anglosphere globalizing its centuries-long terror track.
Since August 6, 1945 the world has been chilled by U.S. nuclear blackmail. Since the grotesquely one-sided air war on Viet Nam and since the 2003 “shock and awe” terror attacks on Baghdad, the world knows it resists the Imperium at its peril. The world knows the U.S. mostly and more readily targets people of color – whether Japanese, Southeast Asian, West Asian, or…American. The dark-skinned world waits, defiantly, wondering who will be next.
Aerial terror can’t neutralize, but it does provoke, non-state resistance – a resistance sporadically erupting as terrorism. How convenient for the propagandists! The hunter/killer MQ9 Reaper drone and its cowardly ilk seem for now to be just the thing for taking out so-called “bad guys.” However, for each “bad guy” assassinated, many civilians are killed or maimed. More are recruited to resist. Not smart. While drones can be tactically clever, recruiting your enemy is strategically stupid…unless, of course, you profit from keeping the pot boiling.
Up our way in Central New York the local mainstream media normalizes the hunter/killer Reaper drone remotely piloted from Hancock Air Force Base on the outskirts of Syracuse. The Reaper, a former Hancock commandant boasts, operates over Afghanistan 24/7. These robots are deployed to kill with impunity. The media downplay, if not ignore, drone war illegality, its evasion of due process, its violating others’ sovereignty, and the government lies surrounding its terror. The media sanitize Reaper transgression against human bodies and human rights. The media ignore Reaper indecency, Reaper cowardice.
The Syracuse Post-Standard ignores the back story behind any blowback – always called “terrorism” -- of those avenging and resisting U.S. aggression. Further, perhaps sensing instinctively what a boon to business drones and arms races are, the Post ignores the deadly prospect of weaponized drone proliferation.
U.S. media has little to say about drone “collateral damage” incinerating and dismembering women and children and other noncombatants, whether within or beyond so-called “legal” war zones. But our local media surely typify U.S. mainstream media. So, let me ask: how many in this room heard much about the killing of 150 unknown human beings by U.S. drones and manned aircraft on a single day, March 7, 2016, in Somalia – Somalia, a desperately poor tribal nation the U.S. isn’t even at war with? This massacre, noted in the New York Times, didn’t rate a blip in the Post-Standard [[fact check]].
The December 17 Post-Standard reported that the Reaper now is actually flying – not just being remotely controlled -- out of Hancock Air Force Base and from Syracuse’s civilian international airport. The page 1 story, festooned with color photos, is headlined “REAPER DRONE MAKES HISTORY IN SYRACUSE.”
With no pretense to journalistic balance, such stories fail to note that since 2010 our grassroots group, Upstate Drone Action, has been continually protesting the Hancock Reaper and its operating unit, the 174th Attack Wing of the New York State National Guard. The increasingly militarized local police, at Hancock’s bidding, arrest us as we block Hancock’s main gate and exercise our First Amendment right to petition the government for redress of grievance. Maximum fines and multiple incarcerations ensue.
But the Post-Standard doesn’t acknowledge such erosion of civil liberty. Nor does it investigate or even mention our allegations of Hancock war crime. Further, the Post has been eerily silent about the role that domestic drones are beginning to play in policing and intimidating dissidents and minorities.
Like the 1950s’ “Atoms for Peace” hype masking the dark side of the then-emerging nuclear industry, mainstream media downplay the drone dark side. The Post, it seems, doesn’t want to jinx upstate New York’s becoming the Silicon Valley of an emerging domestic drone money machine. Over the next several years Governor Cuomo will be subsidizing that industry with tens of millions of taxpayer dollars.
What does domestic drone development and deployment have to do with terrorism? Plenty. Like the government-subsidized nuclear industry, the domestic drone industry (again think Lockheed Martin) will maintain the facilities, research, engineering expertise, skilled labor, and operators – i.e. the industrial base – that the Pentagon draws on for its terror wars.
As long as perpetual war keeps yielding corporate profit, state terrorism will keep “making history.” If we let it.
NEW PATHS IN ORGANIZING TO STOP DRONE WAR
Presented by Nick Mottern, KnowDrones.com.
Left Forum – May 22, 2016
Good afternoon. We’re nearing the end of the day, and I will be very brief so that we can have conversation.
I want to say at the outset that I want my presentation to inspire action on your part in whatever direction you feel guided…but my purpose is action.
In that regard, I want to let you know that Debra Sweet of World Can’t Wait, Bob Smith of the Brandwyne Peace Community in Philadelphia and Marge Van Cleef of WILPF in Philadelphia are putting together plans to create an antiwar/antidronewar presence at the
Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia from July 25 – 28. We will have large models of drone replicas that need tending, we need help in making death masks that will be placed around the city as well as other creative activities. Please speak to me after our panel if you think there is any chance you can help leading up to the DNC or at anytime during the convention.
Keeping in the vein of action, I would like to suggest first that when we do education on drone attacks and drone war, that we put the drone attacks in the context of advancing U.S. imperial interests, more specifically in advancing the interests of corporations in controlling resources and labor.
We have seen that in terms of reducing violence and hatred of the U.S. war, drone attacks have been a failure. But the attacks have been very successful in generating political chaos and in keeping Iraq, Afghanistan, Yemen, Somalia and Libya in the category of failed states. These are basically nations in which the people are not able to organize an effective government that will look out for their best interests. If Iraqis, for example, form an effective, representative government they might well renationalize their oil wells.
Note that the U.S. is planning to operate within ongoing war zones to build connections between local and international businesses that will enable business to advance during wars. Read the Rand Corporations report on the Department of Defense’s Task Force for Business and Stability Operations. http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR1243.html and https://theintercept.com/2015/12/03/pentagon-task-force-spent-nearly-150m-on-villas-and-3-star-meals-in-afghanistan/
In short, we need to begin to speak very directly about the U.S. empire and the role of killer drones in advancing this empire.
The second point is that in organizing to stop our wars, it may be important to not keep looking toward protest alone. Rather I want to suggest that we look at the options for doing long-term deep education on war and empire in the following areas.
- Developing outreach, channels of communication to the mass of workers in the arms industry, which has plants spread widely around the U.S. In this regard I recommend readying a book entitled “Over There” and within that an article by Robin Riley entitled: “Hidden Soldiers” about women working in the “defense” industry. The article is based on interviews with women working for military contractors in upstate NY. Ms. Riley is Director of LGBT Studies and Assistant Professor, Women’s and Gender Studies, at Syracuse University. See also: http://www.truth-out.org/opinion/item/36236-soul-to-soul-at-honeywell
- Visiting local TV station managers and asking that they present more information on drone war and war generally, including looking at empire. They do not control the major news providers, but their voices are heard as affiliates of larger news gatherers. Make requests for the type of coverage you want and ask for subsequent meetings where the station manager will report on what kind of response he or she is getting.
- Plan serial occupations and arrests at the offices of your local Congressperson after demanding that they provide answers to your questions about drone warfare and that they sign a pledge to introduce legislation that would halt drone attacks and drone surveillance. You can find a sample “Drone Control Act” on Knowdrones.com
- Leaflet at local schools and churches in advance of protests and civil resistance explaining the reasoning behind the protest and offering to come to speak about the actions.
In short I suggest that we have to begin to build local organizations of a relatively few people in each community who are committed to long-term education and action on the fundamental issues of war for empire.